Why hormone balance depends on your fiber intake

Being a woman isn’t easy. Wacky hormones can be the cause of so much grief, but what if we turned it around and used them to our advantage? It may seem bothersome to be so affected by these little guys (or gals), but it also gives us the opportunity to really leverage our control over our hormones and change how they affect us.

So instead of just attempting to manage them on a month-to-month basis, let’s take a step backward and consider how we can increase our hormonal health so there’s less to manage in the first place. Great news: you can gain some control over your hormones just by increasing your fiber intake. No pricey supplements needed.

Why is fiber such a big deal with hormones?

Estrogen! We’re all pretty familiar with that one – it’s the main hormone for females. Estrogen is processed by the liver and should ideally be excreted when you head to the bathroom, but if you aren’t making regular trips to the loo (or not eliminating entirely), the estrogen is circulated back into your system. If you think that sounds like too much of a good thing, you’re right.

Food Fiber

Excess estrogen – sometimes called estrogen dominance - can be the root of many symptoms including:

  • Bloating

  • Breast tenderness and swelling

  • Fibrocystic lumps in your breasts

  • Irregular periods

  • Increased PMS symptoms

  • Mood swings

  • Headaches

  • Anxiety

  • Weight gain

  • Cold hands or feet

  • Trouble sleeping

  • Fatigue

  • Memory problems

Excess estrogen can also decrease your sex drive, and in case you haven’t heard, orgasms are really good for you.

As I’m sure you know, eating plenty of fiber helps us go, and going to the bathroom daily is perhaps one of the best things you can do for your hormones (and your health in general).

Fiber Goals and Health Gains

If you’re a woman under the age of 50, the general recommendation is to consume a minimum of 25g of fiber per day. If you’re over the age of 50, your fiber intake recommendations decrease to 21. This is simply because you require less calories as you age, and the fiber recommendations reflect that.

The 25g of fiber recommendation reflects a 1,800 calorie diet, but many active women need to consume well over this number, so your needs may certainly surpass the general guideline. Put another way, you should consume 14g of fiber per 1,000 calories.

Fiber Goals

How to increase your fiber intake

You should include fiber at every meal and snack. This doesn’t mean you can’t have simple carbs like bread and rice, it just means you should include fiber with them, too (this will help your blood sugar balance as well!)

If you’re looking for more fiber, try these:

  • Whole grains: brown, wild, or forbidden rice; quinoa; oats; and buckwheat

  • Seeds: chia, flax, pumpkin, sesame, and sunflower

  • Nuts: almonds, pecans, walnuts, pecans, hazelnuts, and cashews

  • Beans: black, pinto, kidney, and garbanzo

  • Fruits: raspberries, oranges, apples, mango, guava, and many more

  • Dark and colorful vegetables: beets, carrots, and artichokes

Some vegetables that are particularly helpful for your hormones are cruciferous vegetables like kale, cabbage, arugula, Brussels sprouts, bok choy, collard greens, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, and radishes. That’s because in addition to being great sources of fiber, they’re very supportive for your liver because of the compounds they contain.

Before you start loading up on the fiber, remember to take it slow and drink plenty of water to keep things moving. Increasing your fiber intake too quickly can lead to issues like constipation and bloat, which us ladies certainly don’t want. If you’re having a hard time eliminating and already tried increasing your fiber (and water intake!), you should consider seeing your doctor or working with a dietitian or qualified nutritionist. Elimination is one of the ways your body detoxes, so it’s important that you’re doing it.

And finally, if you’re feeling discouraged, let me leave you with this: dark chocolate has 2-3 times as much fiber as milk chocolate.

Happy eating!


Emily Smith

PR and Marketing Specialist of Vegetable and Butcher and a self-proclaimed nutrition nerd and sustainability junkie. Emily called DC home for three years before making her way to California. Emily has her master's in Nutrition Education and is a Certified Nutrition Specialist® (CNS®) candidate. She's passionate about helping people learn to use food to fuel their outdoor activities, and in her free time you can find her rock climbing. . You can connect with her on her website and on Instagram.

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